Margarine is a spread used instead of butter. White butter is made out of milk and dairy products; margarine is produced from vegetable oil and water. It is used for flavouring, baking, and cooking and was first prepared in France. There are 3 types of margarine available – soft spreads, hard margarine for baking and margarines in bottles to cook. 100 grams of margarine contains 628 calories. It is highly rich in vitamin E and sodium.
The margarine we buy in market is produced by emulsifying a blend of vegetable oils and fats, which is then subjected to fractionation and hydrogenation with milk for improved texture. Depending on its final fat content and its purpose, the level of water and the vegetable oils used vary slightly.
Due to its versatility, margarine is used as an ingredient in other food products, such as pastries, doughnuts, and cookies. It is a cheap alternative for regular butter. There are certain margarine types that are purely from plants and not from animals, they are labelled as vegan or dairy-free. It is used as a leavening agent, as an emulsifier, as a thickener and as artificial coloring.