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Crude Palm Oil

Crude Palm Oil in Tradeasia

IUPAC Name

N/A

Cas Number

8002-75-3

HS Code

1511.10.00

Formula

N/A

Basic Info

Appearance

Dark Red, Viscous, Semisolid

Common Names

CPO

Packaging

1 @ 21 MT Flexi Bag, 21 MT / 20 FCL

Brief Overview

Crude palm oil is produced from the pulp of the palm fruit. It is semi-solid at room temperature and melts to a clear red-orange liquid on slight heating. It has a rich source of carotenes and vitamin E. Like other crude oils, CPO contains impurities such as gums, pigments, trace metals and a host of other fat soluble compounds. Crude palm oil can be refined and further fractionated to widen its application.

Manufacturing process

Fresh fruits would first be sterilized via pressure steam. The fresh fruit would then be threshed to remove the branch from the fruit.  The fruit would then undergo the process of digestion where the palm oil in the fruit would be released through the rupture or breaking down of oil-bearing cells. The digestor would consist of steam-heated vessel fitted with rotating shaft  to pound the fruit. To extract the oil from the digested material, the digested material will be subjected to pressure to squeeze out the oil from the mixture. The method can be done using a different method which is to use hot water to leach out the oil. Finally, the oil would undergo clarification to separate the oil from its entrained impurities to obtain crude palm oil. 

Food Industry

Crude palm oil is used in cooking oil, margarine, shortening, cream, lotion, and milk. Also, non-dairy creamer and ice cream can also be made with crude palm oil.

Oil Industry

Crude palm oil is used as fuel in modified automobile engines. This is more environmentally friendly as the exhaust will contain less sulfur and nitrous product. Furthermore, the transportation of crude palm oil is safer and cheaper. Palm oil has been widely tested on taxis, big cars, trucks, tractors, and stationary engines with diesel alternatives.

Other Applications

Crude palm oil is used as an ingredient in the production of plasticizers, paints, and surface coatings. Besides, bio-diesel and soap are produced by crude palm oil by mixing with petrodiesel or processed through transesterification.

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